Paul C?zanne (French: Paul C?zanne) is a French painter who makes the connection between Impressionism and Cubism.
Cezanne was born in Aix-en-Provence and started school there. From 1859 to 1861 he studied law but continued to take drawing lessons. Despite his father's protests, Cezanne decided to pursue an artistic career and in 1861 went to Paris with his friend Emil Zola. Gradually, his father reconciles with this choice and begins to support him. In Paris, he meets Camille Pizarro and other impressionists. Following Zola's ideas for naturalism, artists of the time - the second half of the 1860s - began to look at painting in a different way. Cezanne, following the example of Manet, began to use exaggerated and demonstratively expressive deformity in his paintings. His works were presented at the first exhibit of the Salon de la Reunion in 1863, which featured works not accepted by the jury of the official Paris Salon. Cezanne begins with the light, the aerial drawing of the Impressionists, but gradually his ideas crystallize, and he says, "I want to make art as lasting and eternal as it is in museums." After going through his impressionistic period, realizing that the technique adopted could hinder his further development, C?zanne isolates himself in Aix-en-Provence and begins to seek his own method. He created his own system for geometrization and deformation of objects, which was then used in Cubism, Fauvism and other modernist trends in the visual arts. Cezanne takes painting out of its descriptive functions and turns it into philosophy. C?zanne works in growing creative isolation, choosing Southern France over Paris. Creates many still lifes, changing perspectives, landscapes, in which he moves certain elements (a particular tree, for example). It focuses on still lifes and landscapes as well as bathing scenes as well as portraits. He paints St. Victor's Mountain from countless angles. In 1906, Cezanne collapses while painting outside during heavy rain. A week later, on October 22, he died of pneumonia.
On May 10, 1999, his Rideau, cruchon et compotier canvas was sold by Sotheby's for $ 60.5 million.