Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
The young Jean Auguste Dominic Enger learned painting too early with his father, who is an artist and sculptor. In 1791 he was admitted to the Royal Academy of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in Toulouse. At the age of 17 he went to Paris, where he was admitted to the studio of Jacques-Louis David.
In 1801 he won the Rome Prize and received his first orders. Five years later he went to the Eternal City, inspired by Raphael's murals in Vatican stations, and created naked bodies and portraits whose anatomical deformities already confirm the primacy of the drawing. His painting "Jupiter and Thetis" (1811) was sent to Paris and provoked ridicule. The painter suffers from a misunderstanding of his works.
Finally, they give him the canvas "Louis Eight's Vow" - the King prays, reduced to Madonna and the infant. At the Salon of 1824, the audience applauded this work, which bears the imprint of the memory of Raphael's Madonna and is the pinnacle of classical art.
He moved to Paris and opened an atelier, creating the Homer Apotheosis for the Louvre ceiling, and in 1832 returned to the portrait with a masterpiece, Louis-Francois Bertin. The powerful and imposing image of this patron of the press (founder of the Journal de Deba newspaper) grew into a symbol of the rising liberal bourgeoisie.
In 1834, Enger accepted the post of director of the Villa Medici in Rome and remained there for 7 years.
Again in Paris, he works on large-scale wall panels for the Dampier Castle and the halls of the Hotel de Villes, where he chooses to present the "Apotheosis of Napoleon the First." He puts his whole imagination into a work with naked bodies - Turkish Bath, a masterpiece of his recent years.